Course Bird Community

About the Birdhouse Project
 
Copake Country Club is a wonderland of bird life. In 2011, we decided to make our birds feel even more welcome — and to expand the biodiversity and breeding habitats of this beautiful region — by building a “housing development” for them.
 
*As of spring 2020, we have 41 birdhouses erected around the golf course. They are meant to attract migratory and resident cavity-nesters. Most of the nestboxes are designed and placed on behalf of the most common users of birdhouses (which, fortunately, are also among the most beautiful): Eastern Bluebirds and Tree Swallows. 
 
*The rest of our nestbox welcome mats are out for certain species of wrens, woodpeckers, owls, chickadees, nuthatches, and — we’re always hopeful — a certain falcon (American Kestrel). 
 
*The breeding seasons for almost all of our species begin in early spring and last through midsummer. Beyond that basic similarity, the number of times they might breed in a year, the number of eggs in each nesting, and other factors vary widely.  
 
*Cavity-nesters are any birds that prefer to build their nests in holes — these manmade birdhouses simply offer them more hole habitats to choose from. The boxes are easy, pre-built homes for them to use instead of trying to find (or, for some, to excavate) proper holes in trees, fenceposts, and other natural sites.
 
*About 70 percent of North American birds are non-cavity-nesters — they make the kind of nest you’ve seen all your life, like open-cup nests in almost plain sight on a tree branch or a shrub. Those birds — including common year-round species like Blue Jays and Cardinals, or interesting migrants such as Warblers and Kinglets — won’t be using birdhouses. Our boxes are for the hole-seekers. Some people like apartments, others go for condos, others are house-only. The bird preferences are like that, with instinct and biology in the equation. (Also, you might know that bird nests aren’t homes — they’re nurseries. Virtually all birds use a nest only for laying eggs, raising babies; after the nesting period is over, so is the nest — the occupants ditch it and go live out in the world.
 
*We monitor our nestboxes once per week, on average, during breeding season, per birding guidelines. We check on the safety of the nesters, do egg and head counts, and make the sites clean and ready for the next tenants. All of our nesting data gets registered with the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s NestWatch program (nestwatch.org). 
 
*For golfers and explorers of the club’s scenery, the boxes are there for observing — not for visiting. We really appreciate it if you do not touch or disturb any birdhouse, especially in spring and summer. From April to July, if you’re playing golf or hiking out there, you’ll very likely see some of our tenants flying in and out of the boxes, carrying nest material or bringing food to the babes. It’s exciting — and it’s “for your eyes only,” not for your hands. Watch and enjoy, but please let them be.
 
 
The Boxes: The Hole Truth
 

Every creature in the world has a preference for where to live and what to live in. Needless to say, that includes the birds. 

 

*Around 30 of our 41 birdhouses are placed at the edges of open areas, looking outward from the treelines. That’s the preferred habitats for our top customers, Eastern Bluebirds and Tree Swallows. Both also like the boxes placed low, 3-5 feet from the ground (that’s a bonus for us — we don’t need a ladder to check them). 

 

*Just about all of these houses include some kind of “predator protection,” like those metal plates or skirts you see (baffles), or the wire cages and extenders stretching out from the entrance holes. “Predators” for these birdhouses mean many things: squirrels, chipmunks, mice, flying squirrels, raccoons, (maybe) a snake or two . . . all of them have a taste for bird eggs and nestlings, unfortunately. Almost all of that predation happens at night, when we’re not around. So our predator protection guards against . . . whatever it can. When eggs or babes disappear or are found dead in a box, we usually don’t know for sure what was responsible. So, in advance and proactively, we do what we must.

 

*Why are many of the boxes paired up, two of them posted within 10-20 feet of one another? Bluebirds and Tree Swallows tolerate each other nesting close by, but won’t allow another of its own species to nest nearby. So “pairing” like this, per birder guidelines, is meant to help them co-exist and not fight with their own kind for territory. 

 

*A note for anybody who has a birdhouse or three in your yard (that’s many of you): If you care about your nesting birds and you do only one thing to help them, it’s this — you have to help protect against House Sparrows. These non-native species are very aggressive and destructive to other cavity-nesting birds — a truism among birders is that “if you have a choice of having birdhouses with House Sparrows in them or having no birdhouses at all, go with ‘no birdhouses at all.’ ” That’s how seriously every birder should take this. It’s a lot of information, and it’s important, so please go to this link or others to read about guarding against House Sparrows: http://www.sialis.org/hosp.htm

 

The rest of the boxes: 

 

These are the “hopefuls,” placed in different habitats from the ones already mentioned, trying to attract more-elusive cavity-nesters. They’re meant for some woodpeckers, one flavor of owl, nuthatches, titmice, and a few others, including Kestrel (falcon). 

 

These are the bonus boxes that are less-visible out there (and who they’re meant for): 

-3rd hole cartpath, halfway down the steep hill, high in a tree, BIG box (Eastern Screech Owl! Haven’t had one of them use it yet).

-8th hole, deep in the woods left of the green, high in a tree (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker! Put up in 2019; no luck yet).

-Between 11th-12th holes, right of cartpath halfway down hill, tiny green box hanging from a branch (House Wren or Black-capped Chickadee! Successful every year).

-12th hole, high in a tree on the right halfway down from tee to green (Downy Woodpecker! Not yet!).

-13th hole, right of the cartpath deep in the woods, high on a tree (White-breasted Nuthatch! A nice success in 2016; none since). 

-13th hole, right of the forward tees deeper in the woods (Northern Flicker! Waiting).

-16h hole, high in the “wedding tree” near the 5th green, BIG box (American Kestrel! If successful, this would be our finest moment; it hasn’t happened, but Kestrels are in the neighborhood).

 
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